25 Desember 2012

Why do we study Geography?

Why do we study Geography?
We study geography in order to learn about the planet on which we live. This would provide us with the basic knowledge of why natural events, such as the bi-annual monsoons in South-East Asia or volcanic eruptions, occur and allow us to learn how to best adapt ourselves to deal with such events.

Geography also teaches us about the distribution of the world's natural resources and as such allows people and societies to plan out how to proceed with economic development using these resources that they may have available.

What is Geography?

Geography is the study of the world in which we live, of things such as the Earth's landscapes, environment and people.

Geography can be subdivided into different categories, such as Physical Geography and Human Geography, which are the two I will be focusing on in this post. 

 - Physical Geography looks at the dynamics of the physical landscapes (Plains, coastal areas, etc) and the environment

 - Human Geography looks at the patterns and processes that define and give shape to human societies (Political, Socio-Economic and Cultural factors).

The study of Geography aids in our understanding of the physical and social processes in the context of the different locations in which we live. It provides us with a basic understanding between the different societies that exist, with focus on aspects such as economics (resources), the cultural and political viewpoints and varying environments and landscapes. Understanding the links between various societies in different locations allows us to better assess the impacts of the human presence and actions on our immediate environment, such as how the building of dams for irrigation in a certain location may have affected other regions and people further downriver.

To sum up, Geography can be said to be the study of the world in which we live and how the actions of humans have affected our environment.


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